Historical Footwear

Since 2009 we started manufacturing historical footwear (viking shoes and medieval shoes). Main emphasis is however on production of ethnographic footwear.

The clothing worn by our ancestors in 19th century had direct influence on the contemporary folk costumes.This is much due to the collecting of archival materials wich started in the last quarter of the 19th century, and due to the preservation of antiquities by the Estonian National Museum ever since 1909.

Footwear part of the whole set of garment. Estonians wore generally soft- sole leather shoes and bark shoes. Bark shoes were mainlyused for work due to the easy accessibility of leather and simplicity of production. Soft-sole leather shoes were worn as festive footwear.

The footwear of Estonians was quite similar to that of neighboring countries, both in the shoe shape and method of production. The habit of wearing shoes and boots reached Saaremaa in the 17th and 18th century probably from Sweden, which spread to the mainland. these shoes differed from region to region, but one can draw similarities for the 19th century shoe:

1. Black park leather was commonly used as material.
2. Shoes had "ears".
3. Leather cord or twine was used for binding.
4. The heel of men shoes was lower and wider, women had higher and narrower heels.
5. Until 1880 footwear had sewn soles, there was a bead between the shoe upper part and the sole
6. Until 1880 people did`t do much difference between left and right foot (same shoe last was used for both legs).
7. Men and women`s shoes where quite similar.
8. Shoes were handmade, mostly by the shoemakers who lived nesrby.

OÜ RV Ortopeedia OÜ  Liivalao 5, Tallinn, Eesti Vabariik  Tel. 56604249  www.aipi.ee  ortopeediarv@gmail.com